Nowadays, all the cities were governed by local government bodies, also known as urban government or The Municipal Corporation. This level of government primarily aims towards the development, overall progress, and maintenance of cities and towns.
In the Indian constitution, the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA) passed in 1992 mark a significant turning point for local governing bodies. It gave access to the local governing authorities to the funds and provided functions and functionaries to the local government.
This amendment gave constitutional status to the urban government or municipal corporations, with the implementation of this act, the local government is divided into three tiers or types are –
- Municipal Corporations or Nagar Nigam
- Municipal Councils
- Nagar Panchayats
Among these three, the Municipal Corporations have the maximum degree of powers and functions, although, in India, it varies from state to state.
Functions of Municipalities
There are several functions performed by the Municipal Corporation for the development and betterment of the city and citizens some of them are-
- Urban poverty alleviation.
- Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds.
- Promotion of cultural, educational, and aesthetic aspects.
- Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds; and electric crematoriums.
- Cattle pounds; prevention of cruelty to animals.
- Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.
- Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops, and public conveniences
- Urban planning, including town planning.
- Regulation of land use and construction of buildings.
- Planning for economic and social development.
- Roads and bridges.
- Water supply for domestic, industrial, and commercial purposes.
- Public health, sanitation conservancy, and solid waste management.
- Fire services.
Performing the above functions in a well-planned and managed way, there is a need for a budget, that preplanned proposed budget by the municipal corporation or the Nagar Nigam is known as Nagar Nigam Budget.
Who issues the budget for Nagar Nigam?
The Municipal Commissioner proposes the Nagar Nigam budget and the budget needs to be presented in a well-structured manner for all the Municipalities across the country. The prepared budget was strictly according to the National Municipal Accounting manual India.
Many states like subsequently, several States, such as Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, have also developed their accounting Manual. There are two main bodies in Nagar Nigam who control the budget and those are –
- Function system of Nagar Nigam – Functions is meant to represent the various functions or services carried out by the local body.
- Account Heads: Account Heads are meant to represent the nature of the income or expenditure.
Varanasi Nagar Nigam Budget 2021-22
Varanasi (also known as Kashi or Banaras And City of lights)is one of the most religious cities of the Hindus, and it is also amongst the world’s oldest living cities. It is a popular destination for tourists and Hindus.
Varanasi Nagar Nigam or Varanasi Municipal Corporation is the governing body of the city Varanasi. Varanasi falls in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Nepal and Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi.
Varanasi is the state’s 6th most densely populated district. With a population of over 1,70,000 people, where the literacy rate of this district is 80%.
Varanasi Nagar Nigam consists of democratically elected members led by the Mayor of the District who manages and administers all the city’s infrastructure and public services. Mayor manages all the related public affairs and all the development of the town. Members from different political parties hold different elected offices in the Nagar Nigam (Corporation).
There are a total of 90 wards under Varanasi Municipal corporation. To maintain the development process in these 90 wards, the total budget issued by the Varanasi Municipal Corporation this year for 2021-2022 is around 702 crores 10 lakh INR.
Pros of 2021-22 Budgets in UP State
Uttar Pradesh finance minister Suresh Khanna presented a budget of Rs 5.5 lakh crore Budget, including Rs 1.55 lakh crore outlay for Capex, for 2021-22, in the state assembly.
It can be noted that due to the impact of COVID-19, 2020-21 was not a standard year with respect to the performance of the economy and government finances.
But then also there are some pros and cons of Budget in Varanasi Nagar Nigam, about which you can read below.
Pros of this budget.
Some pros of UP budget or Varanasi Nagar Nigam budget are –
AtmanirbharKrishakSamanvit Vikas Yojana:
A new scheme will be introduced to double farmers’ income by 2022. It will aim to identify more productive crops in each agri-climate zone, promote new technology and investment to improve productivity and develop markets for distribution. Rs 100 crore has been granted for this scheme.
Mukhyamantri Saksham Suposhan Yojana:
A new scheme will be launched to combat malnutrition of women and children. Nutritional supplements, in addition to dry ration, will be provided to children below five years of age and girls between 11 to 14 years of age who are suffering from anemia.
MukhamantriPravasiShramikUdyamita Vikas Yojana:
will be introduced to provide employment and self-employment to workers who returned to the state due to COVID-19. It aims to create more employment for unemployed people.
Uttar Pradesh has fixed 5.7% of its total expenditure on police, higher than the average expenditure on police by states (4.3%).
Roads and bridges:
Uttar Pradesh has fixed 8.2% of its total expenditure on roads and bridges, almost double the average allocation by states (4.3%).
Cons of Budget.
Some cons of this budget at Varanasi Nagar Nigam are –
Uttar Pradesh fixed 13.3% of its total expenditure for education in 2021-22. This is lower than all states’ average allocation (15.8%) for education (2020-21 BE).
Uttar Pradesh has fixed 6.3% of its total expenditure on health, higher than the average allocation for health by states (5.5%).
The state has fixed 2.7% of its total expenditure towards agriculture and allied activities. This is significantly lower than the average allocation for agriculture by states (6.3%).
Uttar Pradesh has fixed 5.4% of its expenditure on rural development. This is lower than the average allocation for rural development by states (6.1%).
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