Banaras (Varanasi) is India’s cultural capital India, and it is not only rich in its culture but also has a rich heritage within itself.
This city had given numerous personalities to the world; some of them are mentioned in this article-
1. Rani Lakshmi Bai (रानी लक्ष्मी बाई)
|Name of the person||Rani Lakshmi Bai|
|Date of birth||19th November 1835|
|Date of death||17th June 1858|
|Famous for||Revolutionary Movement of 1857|
Rani Lakshmi Bai is one of the most popular Freedom fighters of India. She emerged as a great and powerful leader during the mutiny of 1857-58 or the Revolt of 1857.
She was trained in martial arts and was very proficient in sword fights. She married the maharaja of Jhansi Gangadhar Rao but was widowed without having a Child as the throne’s successor. At that time, India was facing a policy Doctrine of Lapse.
Rani Lakshmi bai adopted a child to succeed the throne, but the Governor-general of the British Government, Lord Dalhousie, refused to accept that. This led to the Revolt against the British Government in India. Rani Lakshmi Bai fought with Bravery and Courage with the British troops and gave the Indian Independence Movement spark.
Do you know about How many Temples are in Varanasi?
2. Girija Devi (गिरिजा देवी)
|Name of Person||GIRIJA DEVI (गिरिजा देवी)|
|Date of birth||8th May 1929|
|Date of death||24th October 2017|
|Famous for||Classical Music|
Girija Devi was born in Varanasi and was one of the greatest Indian Classical Singer, and she was popular for singing.
Seniyas and Banaras Gharanas. Used to perform classically and light Classical Musical. she was one of the most precious gems of the Indian Classical Music Industry.
She was also known as the Queen of Thumri.
She emerged as a musician; not only as a musician, she became a star of the music industry when people usually criticized the music industry.
She stood up and fought against this criticism of society and gave her talent the best.
For which she had received several awards by the Indian government, such as:
- She got Padma Shri in 1972.
- Padma Bhushan in 1989
- Padma Vibhushan in 2016. For her contribution to the Indian classical music industry.
3. Lal bahadur shastri (लाल बहादुर शास्त्री)
|Name of the person||Lal Bahadur Shastri (लाल बहादुर शास्त्री)|
|Date of birth||2nd June 1906|
|Date of death||11th January 1966|
|Famous for||Indian Freedom fighter and Politician(XPm Of India)|
Lal bahadur shastri was also born in Varanasi. He was one of the most famous freedom fighters, and he also became India’s second prime minister India. He was known for the starting of the White Revolution in India.
He supported outgrowing India’s one of the biggest milk-producing cooperatives, i.e., Amul India. He also set up the National Dairy Development Board.
He was a renowned Freedom fighter and played a very important role in the Indian Independence Movement in the 1920s.In the first government of India, he became the railway minister, and later on, he became the Prime minister of India.
He led our country during the India-Pakistan war of 1965. During that war, he gave the famous slogan – Jai Jawan Jai Kisan, to empower the people of India. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award.
4. Kabir Das (कबीर दासी)
|Name of the person||Kabir Das (कबीर दासी)|
|Date of birth||1398-1440|
|Date of death||1448-1518|
|Famous for||Indian Saint and Poet|
Kabir was one of the most popular poets and saints from Varanasi during the 15th century. His poetic works influenced Hindu Bhakti Movement and also Sikhism, as his poetic works are also found in the Guru Granth Sahib. He was born to a Muslim family in Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh. But later, due to the influence of his Teacher Ramananda, he became a saint.
His legacy can be seen in Indian history and Indian literature, and Today also his poetic works mean a lot to the people of India. His poetry works give the messages of righteousness, living, non-living and divine to the world.
5. Sitara Devi (सितारा देवी)
|Name of the person||Sitara Devi|
|Date of birth||8th November 1920|
|Date of death||25 November 2014|
|Famous for||Kathak dancer|
Sitara Devi was another magnificent and precious gem of Varanasi; she was one of the most popular Indian Kathak dancers. She was one of the Prominent Classical Dancers of India. She was not only a dancer only, but she was a singer and an actress also.
She had been recognized with several awards during her lifelong journey. She was not only famous for her art in India but also abroad she was very famous. She had also performed in the Royal Albert Hall, London, in 1967 and at the Carnegie Hall, New York, in 1976.
6. Ravidas (रविदास)
|Name of the person||Ravidas (रविदास)|
|Date of birth||1450|
|Date of death||1520|
|Famous for||Saint and Poet|
Ravidas was also known as Shri Guru Ravidas ji .He was a great and mystic Poet Saint of the Bhakti Movement of India. He was also known as the founder of the Ravidassia Religion formed during the 15th and 16th centuries CE.
As a guru, he traveled across different states of India like- Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Haryana, to preach knowledge and social reforms in the society.
His poetic works are also included in the Guru Granth Sahib. He spent most of his life with Sufi saints, sadhus, and ascetics.
7. Vallabhcharya (वल्लभाचार्य)
|Name of the person||Vallabhacharya (वल्लभाचार्य)|
|Date of birth||1479|
|Date of death||1531|
|Famous for||Indian Philosopher, saint, and Guru|
Vallabhacharya was popularly known as the Vallabhacharya Mahaprabhuji. He was famous for his founding of Krishna-centered PushtiMarg and his philosophy of suddha Advaita. He was a popular philosopher.
Vallabhacharya was born in a Tamil Brahmin family who were living in Varanasi. Later during the Muslim invasion, he had to escape to the Champaran of Chattisgarh.
Vallabha studied the Vedas and Upanishads from early childhood for more than 20 years. he also became one of the important leaders during the devotional Bhakti Movement.
8. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai (कृष्ण प्रसाद भट्टराई)
|Name of the person||Krishna Prasad Bhattarai (कृष्ण प्रसाद भट्टराई)|
|Date of birth||13th December 1924|
|Date of death||4th March 2011|
|Famous for||Nepalese Politician.|
Krishna Prasad Bhattarai was a well-known Nepalese Political Leader. He was known as one of the most important leaders in transitioning Nepal from an Absolute Monarchy to a Democratic country. He was amongst the first to participate in the movement to modernize the Nepalese Political system.
He was initially born in Varanasi in his youth and was a journalist; later on, he joined the politics and the struggle movement against the monarchy in Nepal.
After the success of their struggle, he became prime minister of Nepal in April 1990, and then he referred to that political movement and struggled as Jana- Andolan. He was the one who became the Prime minister of Nepal twice.
9. Narsingh Yadav (नरसिंह यादव)
|Name of the person||Narsingh Pancham (नरसिंह यादव)|
|Date of birth||6th August 1989|
|Date of death||–|
|Famous for||Wrestling sports|
Narsingh Yadav, or Narsingh Pancham Yadav, is a popular Indian wrestler who won the gold medal in Commonwealth games 2010 in the freestyle men’s wrestling in the 74kg category.
He was also given the popular title in Indian kushti, the Triple Maharashtra Kesari. He is the first Indian wrestler who had won simultaneously three times in 2011,2012, and 2013.
He was born in the state of Uttar Pradesh and used to live in Varanasi. He started his practice of wrestling sports from the early age of 13. Along with him, his brother Vinod also became a wrestler.
At present, he is living in the suburban Jogeshwari in Mumbai. Currently, he is the DSP With Maharashtra Government.
10. Mohammed Shahid (मोहम्मद शाहिद)
|Name of the person||Mohammed Shahid (मोहम्मद शाहिद)|
|Date of birth||14th April 1960|
|Date of death||20th July 2016|
|Famous for||Hockey Player|
Mohammed Shahid is a well-known Indian field Hockey player. Not this only he was considered as one of the best players of India. He was very popular and known for his dribbling skills. When he was a member of the Indian hockey team, his team won the Gold Medal in the 1980 Olympic games held in Moscow.
He was also honored with the Arjuna award in 1980-1981. And also given Padma Shri in 1986.
He was born in Varanasi in 1960 and appeared at the junior Hockey team in 1979 who played the Junior world cup in France and was also awarded the best forward player award and all.