Mahatma Gandhi needs no introduction about him; every citizen of the country knows about him. He is also known as the father of the nation. He was the one who led the Indian War of Independence. His contribution can be easily seen in many of the Indian Independence Movements such as-
- The Dandi March or the Salt Satyagraha
- The Civil Disobedience Movement
- The Quit India Movement
So, if you want to know more about Gandhiji then stick with this article until the end and now you
Mahatma Gandhi Biography
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in a Gujrati family. He started his elementary education at a local school in Rajkot near his home. From a very early age, he was in love with books and school lessons. Later on, he joined Alfred high school for his higher studies. He was a timid and tongue-tied student.
In may 1883, when he was 13 years old, he married to 14 years old Kasturba Gandhi; later on, after completing his Law studies in London, he practiced law for several years in South Africa and fought against racialism there. Then after returning from South Africa to British Ruled India, he dedicated his whole life to the nation in the Indian Independence Movement. With his true dedication and willpower, our nation got independent from British rule on 15th august 1947.
He was not only a revolutionary leader of the country, but he was also a well-known social reformer who had fought against different social cruelties of the societies, one of which was Untouchability.
He dedicated his whole life to the service of the Nation and to serve the people of India.
|Real name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Nickname||BapuMahatmaFather of the Nation|
|Profession||Politician LawyerPeace ActivistPhilosopher|
|Net Worth||No Personal Property|
|Famous for||Indian Independence Movement|
Read About: Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Quotes in English
|Body measurements||Not Known|
|Date of birth||2nd October 1869|
|Date of Death||30th January 1948|
|Age (at the time of death)||78 years|
|Birthplace||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire|
|School||A local School in RajkotAlfred High School, Rajkot high School in Ahmedabad|
|College||Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State, India Inner Temple, London UCL Faculty of Laws, University College, London|
|Hobbies||Reading, listening to music|
Career of Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhiji had studied law in London. When he returned to India, he was very much shaken after looking into the condition of British Ruled India, then after he started several campaigns against the British rule in India and their framed policies in India. He strictly believes in Non-violence and peace. With his ideas and principle, there are various movements organized –
- The Champaran Satyagrah
- The Dandi March
- Non-Cooperation Movement
- Civil Disobedience Movement
- The Quit India Movement
He also runs many campaigns for racial discrimination in Africa. After that, he also fights for freedom in India, making Mahatma Gandhi one of the most extraordinary people in India.
Family and Relationship
|Parents||Father’s name – Karamchand Gandhi |
Mother’s name – Putlibai Gandhi
|Siblings||Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi, Karsandas Gandhi, Raliatbehn Gandhi|
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History of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi, or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was well known Freedom fighter and Politician of India. He is also known as the Father of the National, as with the help of and under his ideas and principles, India emerged as an Independent Nation.
He was a well-known Revolutionary, Lawyer, Peace Activist, and philosopher.
He was also famous as a well-known social reformer, and he had fought against many social cruelties like the untouchability, sati system, etc.
He coined the term Harijan for these Untouchable minorities of the social meaning people of the god.
Mahatma Gandhi dedicated his whole life to the nation’s freedom and the service of the country.
He had a huge impact worldwide; in fact, the world’s most famous leaders like Mark Twain and Dictator Adolf Hitler Also paid him respect.
He had a very influential personality as The country against which he stood and fought for the independence of India. Great Britain issued a stamp on his name, remembering him 20 years after his death.
The world remembers Mahatma Gandhi on his birthday on 2nd October every year by marking his birthday as International Day of Non- violence all over the globe/worldwide.
Gandhi’s Early life Education
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujrat. His father was Karamchand Gandhi, and his mother was PutlibaiGandhi.He was the last child of his parents.His father was Dewan of Porbandar.
During his childhood, he attended a primary school in Porbandar. At the age of 11, he joined the Alfred High School, Rajkot. At Alfred High school, Rajkot was an average student and had won some prizes; his love was just books and his school lessons.
In May 1883, at the age of 13, he was Married to the 14 years old Kasturba as An Arrange marriage, as Child Marriage was part of the culture at that time. In this, he lost a year in his school.
In November 1887, at the age of 18 years, Gandhiji graduated from High school in Ahmedabad.
Later in January 1888, he enrolled in the Samaldas college in Bhavnagar, Gujrat.
Later on, he went to London for the study of Law. And from the UCL faculty of laws, University College, London, he got a degree in Barrister Law and became a Lawyer.
In April 1993, he was set to sail for South Africa to work as a lawyer for a shipment firm in South Africa. He spent over 21 years in South Africa working for the shipping company as a Lawyer. in these 21 years, he was changed he developed his political ideas, politics, and ethics.
Then there, he also stands against the discrimination based on skin color that is racialism. And fought for the rights of the people of South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi’s summary
As we already know that he was born in a Hindu family in India and completed his primary and secondary education in India.
He went to London for the study of Law. After completing his studies in law, he was offered a. Job in South Africa for a shipping company, where he worked for 21 years. Not that only he created a spark of revolution in South Africa by standing against racialism in the country of South Africa.
In 1915 when Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa to India at the age of 41, he was shocked after watching the extreme condition of his nation and its citizens. the situation is so poor that people can’t afford clothes and food for themselves. Hence, Mahatma Gandhi also decided to live a simple life, which marked a turning point in Mahatma Gandhi’s life not only for his life but also for the whole nation.
Then he started to protest against the British Government and British rule in India, and he had also protested against the harmful laws imposed by the government, such as the indigo tax, etc.
Some of his famous contributions areas.
- Champaran satyagraha
- Kheda Satyagrah
- Khilafat movement
- Non-cooperation movement
- Salt Satyagraha
- Quit India movement
That led to the freedom of the nation.
How does Mahatma Gandhi inspire us
Mahatma Gandhi, the word Mahatma in his name, means great soul, defining all about him. Mahatma Gandhi inspires us in many ways; some of his famous works from where inspiration can be taken are-
- He had taken the path of peace and nonviolence to fight against the British Rule in India. That defines his belief in peace and his willpower to fight against the British Government.
- He left every foreign good and used only products made in India by Indians. Even for clothing purposes, he used khadi that he made from his Charkha/ treadmill.
- He believes in self-service and established the Sabarmati, an ashram where everyone is treated as equal personality. Only people here have to do all the things on their own equally. (Creating thinking of self-service and selfishness)
- He had done many reforms works in society for the people of lower castes and treated them equally.
- He contributed his whole life to the service of the nation and the Indian War of independence.
- He wrote the book- The story of My Experiments with Truth is one of the influential works by Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhiji’s Family, Wife, and kids.
Mahatma Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, was Dewan of Porbandar, Gujarat and his mother, Putlibai Gandhi, was a homemaker. He was the youngest son and last child of his parents.
As we know, Mahatma Gandhi got married at the early age of 13 to 14 years old, Kasturba Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi had four children, namely-
- Harilal Gandhi(1888)
- Manilal Gandhi(1892)
- Ramdas Gandhi(1897)
- Devdas Gandhi(1900)
Mahatma Gandhi’s Role in the Indian Independence Movement
The Freedom of India could not be imagined without Mahatma Gandhi; Mahatma Gandhi played an essential role in the freedom/ Independence Movement of the Nation.
After returning to India from South Africa in 1915 at the age of 41, Mahatma Gandhi raised his voice against British Rule in India.
He also supported the weakest section of the society, which was exploited the most by the British Government in India by several Taxes and laws. But Mahatma Gandhi came forward and raised his voice against all these unfair taxes and rules such as the INDIGO TAX, which later paved the way for the champaranSatyagrah.
He raised his voice against the Salt Tax imposed by the British Government and protested against that by the Dandi March or the Salt Satyagraha.
Later on, he introduced various movements like Satyagrah to protest against the British rule in India like-
- The non-cooperation movement
- The Quit India movement
And his final move by the Quit India movement was a great success for the whole nation as the British Government had to set India free. On 15th August 1947, India became an Independent Nation.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
What was Gandhi famous for?
Mahatma Gandhi is famous as the father of the Nation because, with the help of his contributions, India emerged as a free nation in the World Map.
What did Mahatma Gandhi Teach us?
The teachings of Mahatma Gandhi were based on Non- violence, selfishness, and service towards mankind and humanity.
What are the best Qualities of Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi had given the Name Mahatma because of his great qualities; some of his great rates are- Selfishness, Self Reliant, Truthfulness, Nonviolence beliefs, Forgiveness, Strength of character, Resistance, and persistence
What are the 5 things we should learn from Mahatma Gandhi?
The five things anyone should learn from Mahatma Gandhi are- Truth and Honesty, Forgiveness, Nonviolence, Mindfulness, Perseverance.
What personality type was Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi had an ESFJ (Extrovert, sensing, feeling, judging)type of personality. He tends to be empathetic, warm-hearted and supported.
Why is Mahatma Gandhi a Great Leader?
Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader because he always followed the principles of peace, love, and integrity.
what traits did Mahatma Gandhi have?
Mahatma Gandhi had several Qualities/ traits within him, some of their areas-
Resistance and persistence, Living in present, Learning from mistakes, Strength of character, Truthfulness.
Some Unknown Facts Mhatma Gandhi
- His Birthday on 2nd of October is celebrated and marked as International Day of Non-Violence Worldwide.
- Mahadev Desai was Gandhiji’s Personal Secretary.
- The country against whom he fought for the India’s independence ,The Great Britain issued a stamp honouring him ,21 years after his death.
- Mahatma Gandhi’s funeral possession was about 8 kilometers long.