In today’s article, we will discuss and highlight the details of AMRUT YOJNA (ATAL MISSION FOR REJUVENATION AND URBAN TRANSFORMATION).
The Government of India has launched ‘AMRUT YOJNA’, which will enable the provision of basic amenities such as water, sewerage and drainage systems to about 500 cities across the Country. It is a new initiative for providing good quality services at affordable costs to citizens in urban areas.
There are some significant points to notice for this YOJNA:
- The Scheme is based on the Name of India’s former Prime Minister Shi Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- Secondly, as the name says, this Scheme was launched by the Govt. of India to provide Basic Amenities to Urban Areas.
- In this YOJNA, about 500 cities will be covered by essential water supply, sewerage and drainage systems.
- This YOJNA is a mixture of ongoing schemes of three Ministries: the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry of Water Resources, to rejuvenate these 500 cities based on their past performance.
- The government has already approved a sum amount of Rs 50964 crore for five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20 for the AMRUT Scheme.
- Under the AMRUT scheme, each selected city will get Central assistance in the ratio of 90:10 between the Government of India and respective State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations.
Also play: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Launching Of Amrut Yojna
The Launching Of Amrut Yojna was done in June 2015, Mr Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India.
Mission Of The AMRUT Scheme
The Mission of the Amrut Yojna is to provide Urban Amenities such as:
- Water Supply
- Sewerage and Drainage systems
- Stormwater drains
- Urban Transport
- Graan Space/Parks
So the five things covered by the AMRUT Yojna are Water Supply, Sewerage Drainage Systems, Urban Transport, Graan Space/Parks and Solid Waste Management.
The main aim of this Yojna is to improve the quality of life for people living in urban areas.
Every citizen must care about their Motherland India, so if we all consider keeping our cities neat and clean, this can change the face of India. Together We Can Make It.
Urban planning and design is a huge responsibility. It has the potential to not only improve people’s quality of life but also tackle social challenges like poverty in our cities by providing essential services such as water supply or sewage disposal, which can be scarce for some communities living far from centralized hubs with these utilities present on every street corner housing both wealthy and poor residents alike.
AMRUT is a government program to help people who are not well-off. It has many different parts that all work together to improve the lives of people in India.
- Everyone should have water and a place to put their trash.
- Develop greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks) to make the city more excellent.
- Reduce pollution by using public transport or other non-motorized forms of transportation. If you do, then citizens will like that more because they are suitable for the environment. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has approved these types of services at a certain level.
The most important part of the Mission is getting water. The second most important part is getting sewage.
But the government will not stop once everyone has water and toilets. Other benchmarks will be set after achieving universal coverage.
The process of setting up these benchmarks is called incrementalism.
This does not mean that other SLBs are less important, but they happen later on. The first step is to make sure all of the cities are not polluted by cars.
That way, people can work and go to school without getting sick or killed by pollution.
Next, stormwater drains need to be built so that there will be fewer floods in the city. This will make our cities stronger because there won’t be as many disasters happening all of the time.
Before, the MoHUA would give project-by-project sanctions. In the AMRUT, the State Annual Action Plan is approved by the MoHUA and States once a year.
The States have to approve projects and give project sanctions themselves. This way, AMRUT makes states equal partners in the planning and implementation of projects.
An excellent way to make missions successful is to have a solid institutional structure. So some changes are needed for that.
Reforms will improve service delivery, mobilise resources, and make municipal functioning more transparent and functionaries more accountable. At the same time, Capacity Building will empower functionaries within the municipal government to complete projects on time.
Components Of The AMRUT Yojana
The AMRUT has five parts: Capacity building, reform implementation, water supply, sewerage and septage management, stormwater drainage, urban transport and development of green spaces and parks. When planning the project in your city or town, you should add some innovative features to these parts.
- The water supply in this area includes things like adding more water, building a water treatment plant, and installing meters for everyone.
- To fix old water systems, like treatment plants.
- If water is used for drinking, it should be changed. It should also be changed so that it can go back into the ground.
- Special arrangements for the people living in difficult areas. They might not have good water. There is a special arrangement for hill and coastal cities, with water quality problems like arsenic and fluoride.
- Decentralized networks of underground sewers. Including the expansion of existing systems and building new treatment plants.
- The old sewer system and treatment plants need to be repaired.
- Recycling water is when you clean it and use it again. When you reuse wastewater, the water doesn’t have any bad things in it.
Storm Water Drainage
- To reduce and eliminate flooding, construction and improvement of drains.
- Precise and safe sidewalks and paths.
- Multi-level parking.
- The city wants to build places that are good for kids, older people, and people who might not walk well.
Coverage Of AMRUT Yojna
A total of 500 cities, including capital cities that were not covered in the JNNURM or other schemes.
It includes all State capitals and 100 smart cities
- All cities and towns with a population of over one lakh, including municipal areas (civilian),
- The capital cities and towns of the states and territories that I did not mention are not mentioned.
- All cities or towns are classified as Heritage Cities by MoHUA under the HRIDAY Scheme.
- There are thirteen cities and towns on the stem of the main rivers with a population above 75,000 and less than 1 lakh.
- Ten cities are from the hill states, islands and tourist destinations. (But not more than one from each State)
AMRUT Yojana: Eligibility
The State Annual Action Plans tell how all the cities in a state will improve their services. The different parts of the city (like water, sewer, transportation) each get their plan to make them better. We use 135 litres of water per person per day to measure if a city has enough services.
AMRUT Yojana- First Phase Implementation
Ninety cities in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan, have been allocated money. Those cities are getting a lot of money from the government. This is because those states have been chosen to get a lot of money from the government for 2015-16 to do things like hire people and buy technology.
There will be a new unit called the City Mission Management Unit (CMMU) in each city. They will help these Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) who cannot hire as many people or buy as much technology on their own.
The main initiative has already received substantial investment and the involvement of important businesses. The remaining 500 cities out of 700 will be completed and implemented in the next phase.
State-Level Progress Of AMRUT Yojana
West Bengal: Jangipur is a city in the State of India. It has recently been given money to work on making their city better.
Andhra Pradesh: The new state capital, Amaravati, has been included under the AMRUT initiative. To meet various standards such as sewage system, 135 litres per capita per day, and so on, planning work began.
Haryana: Under the AMRUT, the state government has committed to providing cities and 18 ULBs with water supply, sewerage connection, and greenery development. The program has also been linked to Swachh Bharat Mission, India’s national cleanliness campaign.
J&K: The Srinagar Municipal Corporation is working with experts sent from the centre. They are trying to figure out how to run and fund the plan. Workshops are being held for this.
There are common questions asked about the AMRUT Yojana.
Q: Can the ULB hire a consultant for the SLIP preparation?
A: The MoHUA has made it easier to make SLIPs. They are also helping cities. It is up to the town if they want a consultant.
Q: Is there any limit to the project cost for each sector that the ULBs will propose for Slip?
A.No. The state or ULB (city) has to consider the National Priorities and Guidelines. It is universal coverage: water and sewerage.
Q: How ULB will share 30% in AMRUT?
A. The State Government’s contribution is a minimum of 20%. There isn’t any upper limit to what the State can contribute. The States and Urban Local Bodies can decide following Sections 7.4 and 7.5 of the guidelines.
Q: What is the order of the projects in the water and sewerage sector?
A. Top priority should be given to having water in every house. Next, there should be sewerage pipes in all homes.
Q: How should the replacement of pipes be decided in identifying the activities?
A. Replacing pipes can help make the water supply better and also make it easier to collect sewage.
I hope this article has helped you to know about AMRUT Yojana in detail. If you have any doubts or queries, then please go to the official website.
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